What To Look For In A Healthy Puppy
When purchasing your puppy in person, there are certain things you willwant to look for to ensure that the puppy you are buying is healthy. This check list will offer you guidelines andsuggestions to help you make an excellent choice.
1- Does thepuppy have a clean, shiny, smooth coat without any skin rashes or lesions?
2- Does thepuppy have bright, clear, open eyes? Eyes should not have any discharge,be blood shot, or have strange coloring or yellowness to the whites of theeyes. The puppy should not squint or rub its eyes. Take notice ifthe puppy acts like it sees improperly.
3- Does thepuppy have a healthy appetite; ask thebreeder about feeding.
4- Does thepuppy have bloody diarrhea or vomiting? These are warning signs ofdiseases such as Coccidea, Giardia, or Parvo.
5- Does thepuppy have normal stools and regular urination? Remember that young puppiesthat have recently changed food or been weaned will have softer stools. Also teething may contribute to soft stools.
6- Does thepuppy cough or gag? These can be signs of kennel cough or collapsingtrachea.
7- Doesthe puppy continually lick the urinary tract opening? This could besigns of an infection.
8-Does the puppy have thick, colored, mucous drainage from the eyes, ears,rectal area or mouth? This can also be an indication of poor health.
9-Does the puppy limp or jerk up one leg; does it have an unsteady gait? These could be signs of hip or patellar problems.
10- Does thepuppy's activity level seem normal? Remember that most puppies sleep for2-3 hours at a time. When puppies are awake they should be energetic andexploring their surrounding with enthusiasm.
11- Is thepuppy playful and happy? Or are they weak and lethargic? Ask thebreeder about each pup’s personality.
12- Does thepuppy seem to be off on its own all the time? Puppies should be socialand wanting to play with their siblings or you. (A little bit of autonomyis ok)
13- Does thepuppy seem to have good body weight? Puppies should not look too skinnyand ribs should not be showing.
14- Does thepuppy have a large potbelly? This could be a sign of worms. Remember this is hard to discern between a just “fed” pup and a pup with adistended abdomen. Ask about the schedule and brand of de-wormersthe puppy has received.
15- Is thepuppy eating hard small kibble and drinking? Does it have a special nutritionalneeds?
16- Is thepuppy eager to come up and meet you? If a puppy seems reserved and shy itmight mean that the puppies have not been properly socialized. Or if they turn in circles constantly thepups may have been caged too much.
Provided by Little Bearer’s of Blessings 407 876 6657
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When to Call the Veterinarian
GO TO YOUR VETRANINARIAN or AN EMERGENCY CLINIC:
- Your dog is choking
- Your dog is having trouble breathing
- Your dog has been injured and you cannot stop the bleeding within a five minutes
- Your dog has been stung or bitten by an insect and the site is swelling
- Your dog has been bitten by a snake… any snakeYour dog has touched licked or in any way been exposed to a poison
- Your dog has been burned by either heat or caustic chemicals
- Your dog has been hit by a car, even if it seems o.k.
- Your dog has an obvious broken bone or cannot put any weight on one of its limbs
- Your dog has a seizure
- Your dog won’t be roused, wobbles when standing or won’t hold up its head.
- Your dogs temperature is 104 Your dog has been bitten by a cat, another dog or a wild animal
MAKE APPOINTMENT WITH VETRANINARIAN ASAP:
- Your dog has been injured and is still limping an hour later
- Your dog has unexplained swelling or redness anywhere
- Your dog’s appetite changes, wont’ eat or drink, or is always hungry.
- Your dog vomits repeatedly and can’t seem to keep food down or drools excessively while sleeping
- You notice a change in the urination or defecation like pain or blood or a very foul smell or has diarrhea for more than 2 days
- Your dog is scooting across the floor on his rump
- Your dogs energy level attitude or behavior changes for no apparent reason
- Your dog has crusty or cloudy eyes or excessive tearing or discharge
- Your dog’s nose is dry and or chapped, hot, crusty or runny
- Your dogs ears smell foul, has a dark discharge or heavy wax or is very itchy
- Your dogs gums are inflamed or bleeding, teeth look brown or breath could knock over a horse
- Your dogs skin is flakey, red, itchy or inflamed or is being chewed at certain spots
- Your dog coat is dull dry brittle or bare in spots
- Your dog has white silvery spots on his hair and it won’t come off
- Your dog paws are red swollen tender cracked or nails are split or too long
- Your dog is panting excessively wheezing unable to catch breath, breathing heavy or sounds strange when she breathsYour dogs temperature is 103 (101.5 is normal)
TIPS FOR HOUSEBREAKING
TIPS FOR HOUSEBREAKING
Your puppy has beenintroduced to paper training since they were 3 weeks old and will requirediligent effort on your part to train them to your preferences.
Always bear in mind that housebreaking a puppy requires consistent repeatedbehavior on YOUR part for your puppy to learn the expected action on theirpart.
Puppies need to eliminatefrequently, so as soon as the pup wakes in the morning, after a meal and afterevery nap, take the pup directly outdoors on a leash to do “his business”keeping in mind, every success will reinforce the desired behavior.
With positive training youemphasize teaching a dog what they should do to earn rewards, rather thanpunishing them for unwanted behavior.
Take the puppy to the sameplace each time, stay with him and give him 10-15 minutes to"perform". There should be nooutdoor play until the pup understands that the outdoors is the place to go torelieve them.
Using an expressionassociated with the action is very helpful in the teaching process. Choose your own words - " go potty"- "time for business" “let itrain” etc. Everyone should use the samephase when taking the pup outside.
When the same phrase is repeated over and over rather quickly the pup learnswhat it is you want.
Your puppy is a veryintelligent animal and is eager to please you. When your pup does what you've requested, heap adoring praise on yourpuppy and bring him back into the house immediately and give your “champ” alittle treat. Something special reservedfor “a job well done”. This treat willhelp your pup to associate his successful elimination outside with a tastyreward.
Pay attention to the signalsyour puppy may give you. This may bewhining, circling, and scratching the floor, sniffing at various places orgoing towards the door. IT'S UP TO YOUTO LEARN TO READ YOUR PUPPY’S MESSAGES !!!
Be patient and remember that you are dealing with a “ baby” with a small bladder,and you should expect to have some accidents until the pup is about 6 months old.When you are angry walk away and only return when you have a plan for positivestrategy.
When accidents do happen, DONOT RUB HIS NOSE IN IT, OR HIT HIM. Arolled up newspaper has no value in teaching a dog potty training. If you catch the pup in the action speak in afirm voice and tell him “NO, NO we go“use your potty phrase” outside and take the pup to the spot. If you do not catch the pup doing the dirtydeed, they will not understand the connection of the communication and doingtheir business in the selected spot.
The dog crate will be your most valuable asset in the house-training effort.
Dogs are den animals and they will not want to soil the sleeping area if theycan help it.
Pups will whine or bark from the crate when they need to go out, but they willdo that too if they just wants to be with you. This is what we call the "Puppy Con" and you'll have to learnto differentiate between them. Ignorethe message and you might be cleaning up a mess!
Training the puppies to "ring the bell"when they need to go out is a great way to teach everybody to pay attention tothe dogs needs. You'll need a 3'-4 inchlength of soft rope. Make a loop at oneend that will fit over the door knob and tie a great big knobby knot on theother end, so that the puppy has something to grab on to. Attach a group of little brass bells -available at dollar stores - above the knobby knot, so that they tinkle whenthe rope is shaken, then hang this "rope" over the door knob of thedoor going outside, so that it is low enough for the pup to reach.
When you are beginning the training with your puppy, each time you go out thedoor, reach over and grab the rope so that the bells ring, and say, "timeto do your business" or whatever word you have chosen.
Within a matter of weeks, the puppy will be ringing the bells on his own.